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UPSC Geologist Exam [Geologists Examination ]

Exam Description:

UPSC Geologist Exam is conducted by Union Public Service Commission every year. It is conducted for the recruitment of geologists in Central Government organizations. This exam is conducted by the Ministry of Mines in the Gazette of India. It is usually conducted in the month of December.

Geologist entrance examination is conducted to recruit two categories of geologists. Category-1 belongs to posts in the Geological survey of India. This category is meant for the position of Junior Geologists. The second category namely, Category-II is meant for positions in the Central Ground Water Board and Ministry of Water Resources. The positions recruited through this UPSC exam are junior hydrogeologists and assistant hydro geologists

Geology and its allied disciplines are concerned with the structure, dynamics and evolution of the earth and its natural mineral and energy resources. Hydrogeologists focus on the relation of waters on or below the surface of the earth.


Date of Examination 12 May 2017
Time of Examination 10:00 AM
Examination Fees Rs.200/-
Eligibility

Nationality: A candidate must be either (a) a Citizen of India, or (b) a subject of Nepal, or (c) a subject of Bhutan, or (d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 01st Jan 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India or (e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Govt. of India

Age Limits: A candiates for this examination must have attained the age criteria as prescribed below:
a) For Geologist and Geophysicist and Chemist (Group 'A') in the Geological Survey of India, an attached office of Ministry of Mines, Govt. of India:
A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on the first day of the month of January 2016 of the year in which the Examination is to be held (i.e. as on 01st January 2016) i.e. he/she must have been born not earlier than 02nd January 1984 and not later than 01st January 1995
b) For Jr. Hydrogeologist (Scientist B) (Group B) in Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources must have attained the age of 21 years and must not bave attained the age of 35 years on 01st January 2016 i.e., he/she must have been born ealier than 02nd January 1981 and not later than 01st January 1995
c) The upper age limit will be relaxable upto a maximum of 7 years in the case of Govt. servants, if they are employed in dept. mentioned

Age Relaxation:

i) 5 years in case of SC/ST candidates
ii) 3 years for OBC candidates
iii) Age is additionally relaxable by 5 years for those applicants who had ordinarily been domiciled in the Kashmir Division in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period 01st January 1980 to 31st December 1989
iv) 3 years for Defence Services personnel (disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof)
v) 5 years in case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs
vi) 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically Handicapped persons

Starting date of registration 08 February 2017
Last date of registration 03 March 2017
Syllabus The syllabus for the UPSC Geologist Examentrance exam has been given in the tabulated format below: General English Candidate will be required to write a short Essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their under-standing of English and workmanlike use of words. Geology – Paper I Section A Geomorphology and Remote Sensing. Basic principles. Weathering and soils, Mass wasting. Influence of climate on processes. Concept of erosion cycles. Geomorphology of fluvial tracts, arid zones, coastal regions, ‘Karst’ landscapes and glaciated ranges. Geomorphic mapping, slope analysis and drainage basin analysis. Applications of geomorphology in mineral prospecting, civil engineering, hydrology and environmental studies. Topographical maps. Geomorphology ofIndia. Concepts and principles of aerial photography and photogrammetry, satellite remote sensing – data products and their interpretation. Digital image processing. Remote sensing in landform and land use mapping, structural mapping, hydrogeological studies and mineral exploration. Global and Indian Space Missions. Geographic Information System ( GIS ) – principles and applications. Section B Structural Geology. Principles of geological mapping and map reading, projection diagrams. Stress-strain relationships of elastic, plastic and viscous materials. Measurement of strain in deformed rocks. Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions. Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineations, joints and faults. Superposed deformation. Mechanism of folding and faulting. Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation. Unconformities and basement-cover relations. Structural behavior of igneous rocks, diapirs and salt domes. Introduction to petrofabrics. Section C Geotectonics Earth and the solar system, Meteorites and other extra-terrestrial materials, Planetary evolution of the earth and its internal structure. Heterogeneity of the earth’s crust. Major tectonic features of the Oceanic and Continental crust. Continental drift – geological and geophysical evidence, mechanics, objections, present status. Gravity and magnetic anomalies at Mid-ocean ridges, deep sea trenches, continental shield areas and mountain chains. Palaeomagnetism. Seafloor spreading and Plate Tectonics. Island arcs, Oceanic islands and volcanic arcs. Isostasy, orogeny and epeirogeny. Seismic belts of the earth. Seismicity and plate movements. Geodynamics of the Indian plate. Section D Stratigraphy. Nomenclature and the modern stratigraphic code. Radioisotopes and measuring geological time. Geological time-scale. Stratigraphic procedures of correlation of unfossiliferous rocks. Precambrian stratigraphy ofIndia. Stratigraphy of the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations ofIndia. Gondwana system and Gondwanaland. Rise of theHimalayaand evolution of Siwalik basin.DeccanVolcanics. Quaternary Stratigraphy. Rock record, palaeoclimates and palaeogeography. Section E Palaeontology. Fossil record and geological time-scale. Morphology and time-ranges of fossil groups. Evolutionary changes in molluscs and mammals in geological time. Principles of evolution. Use of species and genera of foraminifera and echinodermata in biostratigraphic correlation. Siwalik vertebrate fauna and Gondwana flora, evidence of life in Precambrian times, different microfossil groups and their distribution inIndia. Geology – Paper II Section A Mineralogy. Physical, chemical and crystallographic characteristics of common rock forming silicate mineral groups. Structural classification of silicates. Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups. Optical properties of common rock forming silicate minerals, uniaxial and biaxial minerals. Extinction angles, pleochroism, birefringenece of minerals and their relation with mineral composition. Twinned crystals. Dispersion. The U-stage. Section B Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. Forms, textures and structures of igneous rocks. Silicate melt equilibria, binary and pernery phase diagrams. Petrology and geotectonic evolution of granites, basalts, andesites and alkaline rocks. Petrology of gabbros, kimberlites, anorthosites and carbonatites. Origin of primary basic magmas. Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks. Regional and contact metamorphism of pelitic and impure calcareous rocks. Mineral assemblages and P / T conditions. Experimental and thermodynamic appraisal of metamorphic reactions. Characteristics of different grades and facies of metamorphism. Metasomatism and granitization, migmatites. Plate tectonics and metamorphic zones. Paired metamorphic belts. Section C Sedimentology. Provenance and diagenesis of sediments. Sedimentary textures. Framework matrix and cement of terrigenous sediments. Definition, measurement and interpretation of grain size. Elements of hydraulics. Primary structures, palaeocurrent analysis. Biogenic and chemical sedimentary structures. Sedimentary environment and facies. Facies modelling for marine, non-marine and mixed sediments. Tectonics and sedimentation. Classification and definition of sedimentary basins, Sedimentary basins ofIndia. Cyclic sediments. Seismic and sequence stratigraphy. Purpose and scope of basin analysis. Structure contours and isopach maps. Section D Geochemistry. Earth in relation to the solar system and universe, cosmic abundance of elements. Composition of the planets and meteorites. Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements. Trace elements. Elementary crystal chemistry and thermodynamics. Introduction to isotope geochemistry. Geochemistry of hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. Geochemical cycle and principles of geochemical prospecting. Section E Environmental Geology. Concepts and principles. Natural hazards – preventive / precautionary measures – floods, landslides, earthquakes, river and coastal erosion. Impact assessment of anthropogenic activities such as urbanization, open cast mining and quarrying, river-valley projects, disposal of industrial and radio-active waste, excess withdrawal of ground water, use of fertilizers, dumping of ores, mine waste and fly-ash. Organic and inorganic contamination of ground water and their remedial measures. Soil degradation and remedial measures. Environment protection – legislative measures inIndia. Geology – Paper III Section A Indian mineral deposits and mineral economics. Occurrence and distribution inIndiaof metalliferous deposits – base metals, iron, manganese, aluminium, chromium, nickel, gold, silver, molybdenum. Indian deposits of non-metals – mica, asbestos, barytes, gypsum, graphite, apatite and beryl. Gemstones, refractory minerals, abrasives and minerals used in glass, fertilizer, paint, ceramic and cement industries. Building stones. Phosphorite deposits. Placer deposits, rare earth minerals. Strategic, critical and essential minerals.India’s status in mineral production. Changing patterns of mineral consumption. National Mineral Policy. Mineral Concession Rules. Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea. Section B Ore genesis. Oredeposits and ore minerals. Magmatic processes of mineralisation. Porphyry, skarn and hydrothermal mineralisation. Fluid inclusion studies. Mineralisation associated with – (i) ultramafic, mafic and acidic rocks, (ii) greenstone belts, (iii) komatiites, anorthosites and kimberlites and (iv) submarine volcanism. Magma-related mineralisation through geological time. Stratiform and stratabound ores. Ores and metamorphism – cause and effect relations. Section C Mineral Exploration Methods of surface and subsurface exploration, prospecting for economic minerals – drilling, sampling and assaying. Geophysical techniques – gravity, electrical, magnetic, airborne and seismic. Geomorphological and remote sensing techniques. Geobotanical and geochemical methods. Borehole logging and surveys for deviation. Section D Geology of fuels. Definition, origin of coal. Stratigraphy of coal measures. Fundamentals of coal petrology, peat, lignite, bituminous and anthracite coal. Microscopic constituents of coal. Industrial application of coal petrology. Indian coal deposits. Diagenesis of organic materials. Origin, migration and entrapment of natural hydorcarbons. Characters of source and reservoir rocks. Structural, stratigraphic and mixed traps. Techniques of exploration. Geographical and geological distributions of onshore and offshore petroliferous basins ofIndia. Mineralogy and geochemistry of radioactive minerals. Instrumental techniques of detection and measurement of radioactivity. Radioactive methods for prospecting and assaying of mineral deposits. Distribution of radioactive minerals inIndia. Radioactive methods in petroleum exploration – well logging techniques. Nuclear waste disposal – geological constraints. Section E Engineering geology. Mechanical properties of rocks and soils. Geological investigations for river valley projects – Dams and reservoirs; tunnels – types, methods and problems. Bridges – types and foundation problems. Shoreline engineering. Landslides – classification, causes, prevention and rehabilitation. Concrete aggregates – sources, alkali-aggregate reaction. Aseismic designing – seismicity inIndiaand earthquake-resistant structures. Problems of groundwater in engineering projects. Geotechnical case studies of major projects inIndia. (5) Hydrogeology Section A : Origin, occurrence and distribution of water. Origin of water : Meteroic, juvenile, magmatic and sea waters, Hydrologic cycle : Precipitation, runoff, infiltration and evapotranspiration, Hydrographs. Subsurface movement and vertical distribution of groundwater, Springs, Classification of aquifers, Concepts of drainage basin and groundwater basin. hydrological properties of rocks – specific yield, specific retention, porosity, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, storage coefficient, water table fluctuations – causative factors, concept of barometric and tidal efficiencies, water table contour maps, Classification of rocks with respect to their water bearing characteristics, Hydro-stratigraphic units, Groundwater provinces of India, Hydrogeology of and Zones of India, wet lands. Section B : Well hydraulies and well design. Theory of groundwater flow, Darey’s Law and its applications, determination of permeability in laboratory and in field, Types of wells, drilling methods, construction, design, development and maintenance of wells, specific capacity and its determination. Unconfined, confined, steady, unsteady and radial flow conditions, Pumps tests – methods, data analysis and interpretation for hydrogeologic boundaries, Evaluation of aquifer parameters using Thiem, Theis, Jacob and Walton methods, Groundwater modeling – numerical and electrical models. Section C : Groundwater chemistry. Groundwater quality – physical and chemical properties of water, quality criteria for different uses, graphical presentation of water quality data, groundwater quality in different provinces of India – problems of arsenic and fluoride, Saline water intrusion in coastal and other aquifers and its prevention, Radioisotopes in hydrogeological studies, Groundwater contamination. Section D : Groundwater exploration. Geological – lithological and structural mapping, fracture trace analysis, Hydrogeological – lithological classification with respect of hydrologic properties, Hydraulic continuity in relation to geologic structures, Location of springs Remote sensing – hydrogeomorphic mapping of the terrain using different images of different satellite missions, lineament mapping, shallow groundwater potential zone mapping using satellite images, Surface geophysical methods – seismic, gravity, geo-electrical and magnetic, Subsurface geophysical methods – well logging for delineation of aquifers and estimation of water quality. Section E : Groundwater problems and management. Groundwater problems related to foundation work, mining, canals and tunnels, Problems of over exploitation and groundwater mining. Groundwater development in urban areas and rain water harvesting, Artificial recharge methods, Groundwater problems in arid regions and remediation. Groundwater balance and methods of estimation. Groundwater legislation. Sustainability criteria and managing renewable and nonrenewable groundwater resources.
Mode of application

Candidates are required to apply onl ine only by using the website www.upsconline.nic.in; brief instructions for filling up the online Application Form have been given in Appendix-II

The online applications can be filled upto 04th March 2016 till 11.59 PM, after which the link will be disabled

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admission Certificate two weeks before the commencement of the exam. The e-Admission Certificate will be made available in the UPSC website www.upsc.gov.in for downloading by candidates. No Admission Certificate will be sent by post

All the applicants are required to provide valid active E-mail ID while filling up Online Application Form as the Commission may use electronic mode for contacting them at different stages of exam process

Candidates are strongly advised to apply online well in time without waiting for last date for submission of Online Applications

UPSC Geologist Exam [Geologists Examination ] scores UPSC Geologist Exam [Geologists Examination ]
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