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National Entrance Screening Test [NEST] 2017

Exam Description:

About NEST

National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) is a compulsory test for enrolling students to:

  • National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar

  • University of Mumbai - Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS), Mumbai

Both of them were set up by Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India in 2007. Both these institutes provide training to fabricate scientific manpower for conducting cutting edge scientific research and for constituting to the scientific programmes of Department of Atomic Energy and other applied science institutions in the country.

NEST is conducted in 59 cities all over India. The qualifying students are enrolled for a five year integrated M.Sc programme.

Obtaining a seat in NISER is highly competitive. From a total of 70,000 applicants nationwide, only 0.325% qualify for admission.


Date of Examination 27 May 2017
Time of Examination 9:00 AM
Examination Fees Rs.1000
Eligibility

Eligibility Criteria for NEST 2017:

The eligibility criteria for NEST 2017 are as follows:

  • Applicant must have cleared 12th or equivalent exam with any combination of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology subjects.
  • Applicants who have cleared their 12th standard or equivalent exams in the year 2015 or 2016 are eligible to apply.
  • Applicants who cleared their 12th standard or equivalent exams before 2015 cannot apply.
  • Applicants who are about to appear for their qualifying exams for 12th standard or equivalent can also apply.
  • In order to get enrolled for the M.Sc program, the applicants must have secured minimum 60% for General category and minimum 55% for SC, ST, and PD category in the 12th standard or equivalent exam.

Age Limit for NEST 2017:

  • Applicants must have born on or after 1 August, 1997 (for general and OBC candidates).
  • The SC, ST, and PD (Physically Disabled) applicants are given a relaxation of five years in the above age limit.
Starting date of registration 01 January 2017
Last date of registration 01 March 2017
Syllabus

NEST Syllabus:

  • The syllabus for the NEST exam will be based on the pattern of CBSE/NCERT science syllabus of class 11th and 12th.
  • The syllabus will constitute Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics as subjects.
  • A fixed syllabus is not provided for the General Aptitude section.
  • However, the General Aptitude section contains questions related to the major historical milestones in physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, astronomy, environment, and computer science.

Preparation Tips

  1.   First of all set out a timetable and prepare according to a time table.
  2.   Give yourself enough time to study.
  3.   Keep your exam preparations steady until the last minute. Do not rely on last minute preparations. It is not an ideal way to approach for the exam.
  4.   Divide time equally for all the subjects so that you can prepare yourself in a more organised manner.
  5.   Some topics may need more study time for preparation and need to be prepared with more focus so find a balance that you are comfortable with.
  6.   Make sure you have enough material and notes to prepare for the exam which includes the best preparation books and previous years question papers in your study material.
  7.   Try and get rid of all distractions while studying. Note down difficult topics and discuss them with your teachers and classmates and make sure you are comfortable with those topics before the exam.

Syllabus for NEST

General Section: There is no specific syllabus for the General section. The aim is to test candidate's aptitude for a career in science. Questions are designed to test the candidate’s familiarity with (and not a detailed understanding of) major historical milestones in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, computer science and environment. There will be some questions designed to test the grasp of mathematics up to 10th standard and application capabilities of the same to simple problems. Some questions in this section aim to test the candidate’s general ability to comprehend qualitative and quantitative aspects of a given scientific passage. This is done by giving a passage on some scientific topic and questions based on the concepts elaborated in the passage will be asked. Some questions aim to find whether the candidates can interpret graphical representation of information.

BIOLOGY

Cell biology: Cell theory and cells as unit of life. Basic concepts of biomolecules – Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic acids. Tools and techniques of cell studies - use of microscope and calibration (microscopy), elements of microscope. Biomembranes - transport mechanism, cellular respiration. Cell organelles - structure and functions. Discovery and structure of DNA, processes of replication, transcription, genetic code and translation. Principles of the basic techniques in molecular biology. Enzymes- catalysis, kinetics, activation energy, competitive and non-competitive inhibition.

Genetics and Evolution: Fundamentals of genetics and evolution. Evidence and theories of organic evolution. Organization of the heredity material in chromosomes. Equational division. Reduction division. Mitosis and meiosis compared and contrasted. The significance of meiosis. Mendel's laws of inheritance. Discovery of linkage, sex-linked inheritance. Crossing-over, stage at which crossing-over occurs. Neurospora genetics. Mutation - discovery, types of Mutation and Mutations in diploids. The role of mutations in evolution. Elaboration of Mendel's laws of inheritance. Monohybrid or Dihybrid crosses. Human genetics - human chromosomes, sex-determination, sex-linked inheritance.

Ecology: Physical and biological factors influencing organisms. Food chains, pyramids of numbers and biomass. Biological equilibrium. Interspecific associations. Bio-diversity. Flora and fauna. Basics of microbial systems, Ecosystems.

Humans and Environment: Soil, rainfall and temperature with reference to natural resources. Our natural resources - their uses and abuses. Environmental pollution and preventive measures. Biodiversity and conservation

Biotechnology: Principles of recombinant DNA technology. Applications of biotechnology.

Biology of Animal systems

Digestive System - Modes of nutrition. Different vitamin compounds and their deficiencies. Structure of alimentary canal and associated glands, digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones. Absorption of products of digestion, peristalsis, balanced diet.

Respiratory System - Gaseous exchange in animals. Structure of respiratory organs, mechanism of breathing, gaseous transport, tissue respiration

Circulatory System - Open and closed systems. Functions of blood and 1ymph. Microscopic structure of blood and blood vessels. Structures and working of heart. Distribution of arteries and veins. Circulation of blood coagulation. Blood groups

Excretory System - Elimination of nitrogenous waste. Osmoconformers and osmoregulators. Structure and function of kidney tubules. The arrangement of excretory organs.

Nervous System - General account of brain, spinal cord and nerves. Reflex actions (simple and conditioned). Sense organs (eye and ear).

Reproductive System - Sexual and asexual reproduction. General arrangement and functions of reproductive organs.

Developmental Biology - Basic features of development in animals. Types of eggs, fertilization, cleavage, blastula. Stem cells- definition, types, uses, advantages and disadvantages, induced pluripotent stem cells. Different hormones and their roles. Diversity of Animal Life — Principles of classification, binomial nomenclature. General classification of animal phyla up to classes (invertebrates) and upto sub-classes / order (vertebrates), General characters of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Immunology - Basics of immune mechanisms and diseases- active and passive immunity, T and B cell responses, antigen presentation, principles of vaccination, monoclonal antibodies and their uses, immunology of AIDS

Biology of Plant systems

Anatomy and Physiology of Plants - Meristems. Plant growth and development. Internal and external regulators of growth and development in plant. Plant reproduction. Internal structure of root, stem, secondary growth and leaves. Xylem and Phloem - their cell elements and functions. Internal structure of dicot and monocot leaves. Photosynthesis - history, importance, factors and mechanism, stomatal mechanism, transpiration and respiration. Comparative study of dicot and monocot anatomy. Absorption and cell-water relations, transport of water and minerals, tropic and turgor movements. Significance of life-cycles with special reference to alternation of generations as exemplified in Funaria, Selaginella and Pinus (no structural details). Plant hormones. 

Systematics - Principles of classical and new systematics. Binomial nomenclature. Familiarity with taxa. Plant breeding and tissue culture.

Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

Measurements in chemistry:  SI units for fundamental quantities, significant figures in calculations.

Mole concept: Avogadro number and mole concept, molar masses, mole fraction, molarity, molality, percent composition, stoichiometry. Equivalent weight and normality. Calculations based on mole concept and stoichiometry of different reactions. Oxidation-reduction reactions. 

Gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature. Gas laws, ideal gas equation, real gases and deviation from ideality, liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation. Kinetic theory of gases; average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature. Law of partial pressures. Vapour pressure. Diffusion of gases.

Atomic structure and chemical bonding: : Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers. Wave particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis. Uncertainty principle. Orbitals and quantum numbers; shapes and energy of s, p and d orbitals. Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36), filling of orbitals - Aufbau principle. Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule. Hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals. Atomic orbital overlap and chemical bonds; ionic, covalent and coordinate bonds; bond parameters. Orbital energy diagrams for homo-nuclear diatomic species. Lewis structures. Hydrogen bond. Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects). VSEPR theory and shapes of molecules. Valence Bond Theory. Molecular orbital theory of homo-nuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea). 

Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic states: First law of thermodynamics. Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work. Enthalpy and enthalpy change, Hess’s law, heat of - reaction, fusion and vapourization. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, free energy, criterion of spontaneity.

Chemical equilibrium: : Laws of chemical Equilibrium, law of mass action. Equilibrium constant – factors affecting equilibrium constant and its applications. Le Chatelier's principle - effect of concentration, temperature and pressure. Significance of ?G and ?Go in chemical equilibrium. Relationship of K and ?G. Ionic equilibrium. Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts), salts. Ka, Kb, Kw, degree of dissociation, pH and their relationships. Solubility product, common ion effect. Hydrolysis of salts. Buffer solutions.

Electrochemistry: Redox reactions and electrode potential, Electrochemical cells, Galvanic cells and cell reactions. Standard electrode potential. Nernst equation and its relation to ?G and K. Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells. Electrolysis and Faraday's laws of electrolysis. Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch's law. Concentration cells. Batteries (primary and secondary), fuel cells, corrosion.

Chemical kinetics:  Rates of chemical reactions. Order of reaction, rate constant. First order and pseudo-first order reactions. Factors affecting rate of reaction – concentration, temperature (Arrhenius equation), catalyst. 

Solid state: : Classification of solids, amorphous and crystalline solids, crystalline state, crystal lattice and (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices. Packing efficiency, nearest neighbours, ionic radii. Simple ionic compounds, Imperfection in solids, point defects. Electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals. 

Solutions: Solution of solid and gas in liquid. Concentration of solution. Ideal and nonideal solutions. Colligative properties. Vapour pressure of solution, Raoult's law. Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point. Abnormal molecular mass, vant Hoff factor. Osmosis – Osmotic pressure, reverse osmosis. 

Surface chemistry

(a) Adsorption – Physisorption and chemisorptions. Factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids. Adsorption isotherm. Catalysis – homogeneous and heterogeneous, Activity and selectivity. Enzyme catalysis.

(b) Colloidal state – Types, preparation and properties of colloids. Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation. Application of colloids. Micelles. 

Inorganic Chemistry

Classification of elements and periodicity in properties: Modern periodic table, classification of elements, periodic trends in properties of elements – valence, oxidation state, atomic/ionic radius, ionization energy, electron gain energy, electronegativity, valency, chemical reactivity. Diagonal relationship. Anomalous behaviours of Li, Be, B, C.

Hydrogen: Isotopes, preparation, isolation, properties and uses. Hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial. Properties of water and heavy water. Hydrogen peroxide – Preparation, structure, reactions, uses. Hydrogen as fuel cell.

s- Block elements (Alkali and alkaline earth elements) – General characteristics and trends in properties.

(a) Group 1: Preparation, properties and reactions of alkali metals with emphasis on chemistry of Na and K and their compounds - oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates. Uses.

(b) Group 2: Preparation, properties and reactions alkaline earth metals with emphasis on the chemistry of Mg and Ca and their compounds - oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates. Uses.

p- Block elements: General characteristics and trends in properties.

(a)Group 13: Chemistry of Boron and its compounds - borax, boric acid and diborane.

(b) Group 14, 15 and 16: Chemistry of carbon, sulphur, nitrogen and phosphorus. Allotropy. Chemistry of oxides and oxyacids of these elements. Phosphines, phosphorus chlorides, ammonia, peroxide and ozone; silicones, silicon tetrachloride and silicates.

(c) Group 17: Chemistry of halogens, chemistry of chlorine in detail. Interhalogen compounds. HX and oxyacids of halogens.

(d) Group 18: Isolation, properties and reactions of inert gases with emphasis on chemistry of Xenon

 d-Block elements: (Mainly 3d elements) General characteristics and trends in properties. Variable oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment. Catalytic properties. Interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of potassium dichromate and permanganate. 

f- Block elements: (mainly lanthanides) General characteristics and trends in properties. Variable oxidation states. Lanthanide contraction and its consequences.

Coordination compounds: Nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Isomerism. Hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds. Magnetic properties. Werner’s theory, VBT, CFT.

Metals and metallurgy: Occurrence of metals. General methods of extraction involving chemical principles – thermodynamic, electrochemical and redox principles. General operation stages involved in metallurgical operation. Metallurgy of p-block element (emphasis on Al). Metallurgy of Fe-triad (more emphasis on Fe metallurgy). Metallurgy of coinage metals (Cu, Ag with more emphasis on Cu). Refining.

Organic Chemistry

Basic concepts: Representation of organic compounds. Hybridisations of carbon. Sigma and pi-bonds. Shapes of simple organic molecules. Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance effect, hyperconjugation. Keto-enol tautomerism. Determination of empirical and molecular formulae (only combustion method). Hydrogen bond - definition and effect on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids. Acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases. Methods of purification of compounds

Reactive intermediates: Homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavages. Formation, structure and stability of - carbocation, carbanion and free radical.

Isomerism: Structural and stereoisomerism. Geometrical isomerism. Chirality. Enantiomers. Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, ( R, S and E, Z nomenclature excluded). Racemic mixture. Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections).

Nomenclature: IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, monofunctional and bi-functional compounds), including benzene derivatives.

Alkanes: Preparation, properties and reactions. Idea of homologous series Combustion and halogenation of alkanes. Mechanism of photo halogenation. Wurtz reaction.

Alkenes and Alkynes: Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes. Isomerization. Acidity of alkynes. Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry), Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4, sulphuric acid. Reduction of alkenes and alkynes. Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions (excluding stereochemistry). Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen). Makownikoff rule. Peroxide effect. Polymerization of alkenes. Addition reactions of alkynes. Metal acetylides. Ozonolysis

Aromatic compounds: Aromaticity. Huckel theory of aromaticity. Structure of benzene. Isomerism in substituted benzenes. Electrophilic substitution reaction on benzene- General mechanism. Orientating influence of substituents in electrophilic substitution reaction of monosubstituted benzenes. Electrophilic substitution reactions of benzene and substituted benzenes - halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation (No mechanism).

Haloalkanes (Alkyl halides): Preparation from alkanes, alcohols, olefins. Grignard reagents and their reaction with aldehydes/ketones/esters/nitriles. Nucleophilic substitution reactions of alkyl halides with different nucleophilic species. SN1 and SN2 reactions with mechanism. Halogen exchange reaction. Polyhalogen compounds.

Haloarenes: Nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution).

Alcohols: Preparation from – olefins, alkyl halides, carboxylic acids, aldehydes/ketones. Hydroboration reaction. Dehydration, oxidation to aldehydes and ketones. Reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/ HX, H2SO4. Identification of p-, sec- and tert- alcohols. Uses of methanol and ethanol.

Phenols: Preparation of phenol from halobenzene, cumene and benzene sulphonic acid. Acidity.Reactions of phenols - halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, with Zn. Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.

Ethers: Preparation by Williamson's Synthesis, dehydration of alcohols. Reaction with H2O, HX.

Aldehydes and Ketones - Preparation of aldehydes and ketones from – Alcohols, olefins, acid chlorides, arylalkanes, nitriles, esters, Friedel-Crafts reaction. Reactions with – Alcohols, HCN, NaHSO3. Reactions- oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation. Aldol condensation, Perkin reaction. Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction. Tests to distinguish aldehydes and ketones.

Carboxylic acids - Acidity and structure-acidity relationship. Preparation of acids. Preparation of amides, acid chlorides, esters and anhydrides. ester hydrolysis. Reactions of acids with - thionyl chloride, P-halides, ammonia, alkalis, metals, halogens, reducing agents. Decarboxylation. Halogenation.

Amines - Basicity and structure-basicity relationship. Identification of p-, sec- and tert-amines. Preparation of amines from - nitro compounds, nitriles, amides, haloalkanes/aromatic compounds. Reaction with – Acids, alkylating agents, acylating agents, nitrous acid. Diazotization of aromatic primary amines - Reactions of aromatic diazonium salts - azo coupling reaction, Sandmeyer and related reactions. Carbylamine reaction of p-amines

Carbohydrate: Classification of carbohydrates. mono- and di- saccharides (glucose and sucrose). Characteristic tests. Structure of glucose. Reactions of glucose- Oxidation, reduction, hydroxylamine, HI, acetic anhydride. Cyclic structure of glucose. Structures of - Sucrose, maltose, starch and cellulose . Glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.

Amino acids and proteins: ?-amino acids. General structure of peptides and proteins. Peptide bond. Characteristic tests. Separation of amino acids using physical properties. Denaturation of proteins. Enzymes.

Polymers: Classification. Homo and co-polymers, Addition and condensation polymerizations. Polythene, nylons, polyetsres, Bakelite, melamine-formaldehyde, rubber – natural and synthetic.

Mathematics

Algebra

Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations. Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. Logarithms and their properties. Permutations and combinations, Binomial theorem for positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients. Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables. Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations. 

Trigonometry 

Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, half-angle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).

Analytical geometry

Two dimensions - Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin. Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line. Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines. Centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of a triangle. Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line. Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal. Locus Problems. Three dimensions - Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space, equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane

Differential calculus 

Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one-to-one functions, sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Limit and continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, L’Hospital rule for evaluation of limits of functions. Even and odd functions, inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions. Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function, Rolle’s Theorem and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorem. 

Integral calculus

Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus. Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves. Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method, linear first order differential equations.

Vectors

Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations

Physics

General: Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis. least count, significant figures. Methods of measurement (Direct, Indirect, Null) and measurement of length, time, mass, temperature, potential difference, current and resistance Design of some simple experiments, such as: i) Searle's method to determine Young's modulus, ii) determination of 'g' by simple pendulum, iii) speed of sound using resonance tube, iv) coefficient of friction using angle of repose, v) determination of focal length of a convex lens by plotting a graph between 'u' and 'v', vi) refractive index of material of prism using the method of minimum deviation, vii) verification of Ohm's law, viii) resistance of galvanometer using half deflection method, ix) specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, x) I-V characteristic curve for p-n junction in forward and reverse bias. Graphical representation and interpretation of data. Errors in the measurements and error analysis

Mechanics

Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles. Uniform circular motion. Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion. Inertial and uniformly accelerated (linear only) frames of reference. Static and dynamic friction. Kinetic and potential energy. Linear and circular simple harmonic motion. Work and power. Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Systems of particles. Centre of mass and its motion. Centre of gravity. Impulse. Elastic and inelastic collisions. Law of gravitation. Centripetal acceleration and centrifugal force. Gravitational potential and field. Acceleration due to gravity. Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits. Escape velocity. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes. Angular momentum, Torque. Conservation of angular momentum. Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation. Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Hooke’s law and stress – strain relations. Elastic limit, plastic deformation. Young’s modulus, bulk and shear moduli. Pressure in a fluid. Pascal’s law. Buoyancy. Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise. Viscosity – Stoke’s and Poiseuille’s law, Terminal velocity. Qualitative understanding of turbulence. Reynolds number. Streamline flow, equation of continuity. Bernoulli’s theorem

Sound and mechanical waves: 

Plane wave motion, longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves. Progressive and stationary waves. Vibration of strings and air columns. Resonance (qualitative understanding). Beats. Speed of sound in gases. Doppler effect

Thermal physics:

Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases. Calorimetry, latent heat. Heat conduction in one dimension. Elementary concepts of convection and radiation. Newton’s law of cooling. Ideal gas laws. Specific heats (CV and CP for monoatomic and diatomic gases). Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases. Equivalence of heat and work. First and second law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). Entropy. Blackbody radiation - absorptive and emissive powers. Kirchhoff’s law. Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law

Electricity and magnetism

Coulomb’s law. Electric field and potential. Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines. Flux of electric field. Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as to find field due to infinitely long straight wire. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance - Calculation of capacitance with and without dielectrics. Capacitors in series and parallel. Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current. Ohm’s law. Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells. Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. Biot-Savart’s law and Ampere’s law. Magnetic field near a current carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid. Force on a moving charge and on a current carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop. Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop. Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions. Electromagnetic induction - Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law. Self and mutual inductance. RC, LR and LC circuits with and A.C. Sources.

Optics:

Rectilinear propagation of light. Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism. Thin lenses. Combination of mirrors and thin lenses. Magnification. Wave nature of light - Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment. Elementary idea of diffraction – Rayleigh criterion. Elementary idea of polarization – Brewster’s law and the law of Malus

Modern physics:

Atomic nucleus. Alpha, beta and gamma radiations. Law of radioactive decay. Decay constant. Half-life and mean life. Binding energy and its calculation. Fission and fusion processes. Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect. Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms. Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law. de Broglie wavelength of matter waves. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

Mode of application
  • Application Process for NEST 2017:
  • Online application is done only through www.nestexam.in
  • You are advised to visit the NEST–2017 website (www.nestexam.in) and read the NEST 2017 brochure carefully before starting the application process. Here are the salient points of the application procedure.
  • Register yourself at the website. You need a valid email id to do so
  • Click the ‘Apply Online’ link on the NEST–2017 website to reach the online application page on/after 04th January 2017. You need to provide your name, a valid email id and a password of your choice in a window. You will receive an email at the email id provided by you, containing a link to confirm your registration. After confirmation, provide the same email id & password, enter the secret code and click on ‘Login’ in the window.
  • The application process allows multi-session data entry. You can login to your application profile as many times as you wish, using the same login details. If you forget your password then click ‘forgot password’ link. For safety reasons, you are allowed to retrieve the password only twice.
  • Application process – Page 1 : Fill/Edit Form (Basic Information of the candidate)
  • Page 1 of the application process asks for personal information, choice of exam centres and academic details. You are required to furnish details of qualifying board examinations of Xth and XIIth standards. If your board provides CGPA instead of percentage then calculate the ‘equivalent percentage’ as per the guideline is given by your board. Typically, CGPA is multiplied by 9.5 to convert it to ‘equivalent percentage’ value. For example, if your CGPA is 8.1 then your equivalent percentage is 76.95% (8.1x9.5). Please note, NEST committee takes the final decision on this conversion factor.
  • Fill all other mandatory fields, save and proceed to the next page. The next page will show your newly generated application number. Your application number is important for all future communications with NEST office till you take admission in the programme.
  • Application process – Page 2 : Upload (photo and signature)
  • In page 2 of the application process, you are required to upload JPG files of your passport size photograph and signature.
  • Scan your passport size photograph & your signature and save them as JPEG files with sizes less 100 KB each. Make sure that images are properly cropped. DO NOT LEAVE empty spaces around photo or signature. If your photograph and signature appear too small in the preview, that is probably because of improper cropping. Crop properly without leaving empty spaces around and upload again. You are strongly advised to follow the detailed instruction provided there.
  • You may, however, choose to provide them in next login, in case you are not ready for them. In that case, you can log out and return later.
  • Application process – Page 3 : Make Payment
  • Page 3 of the application process provides two possible payment options (as per the ‘Fee structure’ given in section-II) among which you need to choose one. The available payment modes are:
  • (a) Online payment: This is the most convenient option for payment using any Credit/Debit card or through Net banking without visiting any bank. Online payment is possible through TechProcess / SBIe-Pay payments gateways. The charges for cards/net banking of different banks are given on the payment page. SBI-e-Pay payment gateway provides 3 chances (max) for each application number to retry payment against failed transactions. However, there is no such limit for TechProcess payment gateway. The amount debited for failed transactions will be refunded automatically within 7 days.
  • (b) Demand Draft (DD): Prepare the DD in favour of NISER-NEST, payable at Bhubaneswar. Provide all the mandatory information regarding the DD on page 3, save, and proceed to page 4.
  • Application process – Page 4 : Verify all information on the application preview page and Submit
  • Once all the mandatory fields on pages 1 through 3 are provided, including photograph & signature, a single page preview of your application is generated. The page contains your photograph, signature along with other important information. If you want to change any information you need to logout and re-login. For safety reasons you are not allowed to visit the previous pages directly
  • Verify and confirm if all information on the preview page is correct and the photograph and the signature are properly visible. Once satisfied, submit your application
  •  Take the printout of the application summary page 
  • Once you submit your application, a summary page is being generated and made available to print directly. If you have chosen DD as your payment method you are required to send a printed copy of the summary page along with your DD to the NEST office. If you have chosen online payment option, you are NOT required to send any document to NEST office
  • The last date of communicating with NEST office is 15th March 2017. NEST office is not responsible for postal delays. You are, therefore, advised to apply well before the last date.
  • Make sure that you write your name and application number at the back of DD, in case you opt for this payment option.
  • You can login to your application account and track updates on your application/payment after about two weeks (for DD) and 3 days (for online payment). Once NEST office verifies your candidature, your ADMIT CARD will be generated and made available for download on/after 15th April 2017.
National Entrance Screening Test [NEST] 2017 scores National Entrance Screening Test [NEST] 2017
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